Peoples Livelihood in Contemporary China: Changes, Challenges and Prospects

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Continue shopping. Item s unavailable for purchase. Please review your cart. You can remove the unavailable item s now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout. Remove FREE. Unavailable for purchase. Continue shopping Checkout Continue shopping. You are in the Worldwide store Not in Worldwide? Choose Store. Key Features: Fresh Chinese perspectives by prestigious scholars in Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, based on unique sources of data which is available only to Chinese scholars First English book based on the data collected in the Chinese General Social Survey CSS Elaborates key issues on the Chinese society from the perspective of people's livelihood.

Skip this list. Importing cheaper labour force to keep the wages low started to cause problems Song Workers have to move to nearby regions in China such as Zhuhai River Delta and settle down where they can afford a better living Chang Moving to peripheral regions for cheaper housing should in principle reduce the government's pressure on solving housing difficulties. This, however, made commuting time a lot longer. To make it sustainable, there needs to be sufficient investment in public transportation.

Migrant workers were not covered by the existing social security system. Despite that Macau salary level is higher than the nearby regions in Mainland China, the living costs are also high. Driven by the desire to improve living quality, even local residents started to resettle into Mainland China. Migrant workers began to leave as well.

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The consequence is that Macau suffers from continued labour shortage despite of its relatively more tolerant migration policy. When new casinos are planned, the main concern is how to get enough employees to fill in the job vacancies Cai However, these days, importing more migrant workers becomes increasingly unpopular politically.

Local residents blame the outsiders for take their jobs and making their living costs more expensive. The negative perception of migration contradicts the fact that there is a labour shortage. The increased social tension reflects people's growing frustration over the lagging in public spending to improve people's livelihoods.

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Some might argue against low local labour pay based on the nature of the economy, that is, the jobs are not highly skilled. In contrast, local graduates though increased overtime, the number remains to be quite small. The education and occupational training systems are good at churning out casino workers and workers in the hospitality sectors.

But there is serious shortage of medical and nursing professionals who would provide necessary social services to its labour force and local residents in general Leong A further look at other social services that are not targeting individual needs, such as community facilities and services, as shown in the official statistics, shows major cut over time.

  • Contemporary Fashion Edition 2.;
  • Economic Structure, Social Risks and the Challenges to Social Policy in Macau, China?
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  • People's Livelihood in Contemporary China Changes Challenges and Prospects.

Given the high inflation, the spending was cut a lot more dramatically than the actual amount of cash would show. However, these services are crucial for improving workers livelihoods. This study examines the relationship among economic growth, social needs and social spending. In this article, we have examined the dilemma Macau is facing. On the one hand, it has a prosperous economy with low unemployment rate. On the other, its growth momentum is facing serious threat.

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In this article, we argue that to achieve the economic goals, social policy can play a significant role, but taking a somewhat different approach from what the government has been doing. The changes would be in two aspects. The first is to expand the coverage to the whole labour force, not just local residents. The current social protection is based on residential status, and not all migrant workers are protected by the social protection system even if they work for the gaming industry. Macau's economy also suffers from shortage of qualified labour, which would be necessary if it wants to achieve economic restructure.

However, the lack of social spending and services makes the city a much less attractive place for skilled labour to settle down otherwise. The second aspect is human capital and infrastructure development through social spending in training, higher education and improving public infrastructures. As the city authorities want to diversify its' economy, it would be important to build up its own pool of human capital which can be potential employees in the new economy.

Macau is unique in the region because of the nature of its economy.